A Brief History of Espresso

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Invention of Espresso and the Espresso Machine
Espresso – “A Fast Cup of Coffee”

Luigi Bezzera, the owner of a manufacturing business invented Espresso at the turn of the 2oth century. Luigi Bezzera was simply trying to figure out a way to brew a cup of coffee faster. He assumed that if he could just add some pressure to the brewing process it would speed things up. His experiment led to the creation of the “Fast Coffee Machine”. Bezzera’s idea of a fast cup of coffee turned out much better than he had planned. He ended up with a better, fuller tasting cup of strong coffee, as well as a much faster process. He found that the quicker more efficient brewing method allowed for the quality of the beans to be extracted as opposed to the over extracting he had previously experienced. In italian, the term “Espresso” means fast. However, in several parts of Europe and the US, many people say Expresso when they actually mean Espresso. So, whether you’re looking for information on Expresso or Espresso, you’ve come to the right place. We’ve got the coffee for you.

Even though Bezzera invented the process, it wasn’t until later when Desidero Pavoni purchased the rights from Mr. Bezzera for the espresso machine that it became popular. Pavoni was extremely successful in marketing the espresso machine. History suggests that he probably changed the way people drink coffee. Just look around! Coffee and Espresso shops are everywhere, even in the U.S. it has become not only popular for the delicious beans, but has given us a new place to socialize.

Espresso Timeline:

In 1901 Luigi Bezzera filed a patent for the espresso machine that contained a boiler and four “groups”. Each group could take different size filters that contained the coffee. Boiling water was forced through the coffee and into a cup. Ambrogio Fumagelli says that this was the birth of (fast) espresso coffee.

In 1903 Luigi Bezzera’s patent was then purchased by Desiderio Pavoni and put to market in a big way.

In 1905 The Pavoni company begins manufacturing the espresso machines solely based on Bezzera’s patent.

In 1927 First espresso machine was installed in the United States. It was a La Pavoni Espresso Machine installed at Regio’s

in New York.

In 1938 Cremonesi designed a piston pump that forced hot water through the coffee. It was installed at Achille Gaggia’s

coffee bar.

In 1946 Gaggia begins manufacturing the commercial piston machine – resulting in foam or cream layered coffee or cafe’.

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